Underactive thyroid is quite a common condition among patients. The disorder features an inability of thyroid gland to produce hormones in a natural way. Located in the neck, thyroid gland releases hormones, which further move through the bloodstream and interfere with literally every process in the organism, starting with the brain and heart, up to the skin and muscles. Generally, thyroid is responsible for metabolism that also influences the heartbeat, body temperature, calorie burning function and others. If your body lacks this hormone, all these processes slow down, resulting in less energy and worse metabolism.
Symptoms, Reasons and Risk Factors for Hypothyroidism Development
This harmful condition can have several reasons, though the most common one is inflammation of thyroid gland, called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Being an autoimmune disorder, it stimulates the production of antibodies, which destroy the thyroid gland. Among other causes of the condition are:
- Medication intake, especially heart remedies, cancer drugs and treatments of psychiatric conditions;
- Radiation therapy may also impact the thyroid functioning, restricting the gland ability to produce the hormone;
- Thyroid surgery;
- Radioactive iodine therapy;
- Pituitary gland disorder;
- Hypothalamus issues;
- Pregnancy and others.
Initially, the symptoms of the disorder may be vague, though later you will notice significant health complications, such as:
- Excess fatigue;
- Dry skin;
- Hair loss;
- Menstrual cycle issues;
- Abnormal heart rate;
- Anxiety and depression;
- Stomach discomfort, nausea, vomiting;
- Diarrhea, constipation, etc.
Despite the condition may affect any patient, there are definite groups of people, who have an increased risk of hypothyroidism appearance. Such classifications are compiled on the basis of certain features, including:
- Gender – women are affected by hypothyroidism more often than men. Especially, the complication strikes females of older generation. Moreover, the problem is more likely to occur if any of your relatives have autoimmune disease;
- Age – older adults are affected by the condition more often;
- Race – Asian and white people are reported to be diagnosed with hypothyroidism more frequently;
- Underlying health impairments, especially autoimmune problems, especially Turner syndrome, diabetes type 1, celiac disease, rheumatoid arthritis, vitiligo, down syndrome, etc.
Devastating Impact of the Condition on the Organism and Innovative Medications to Treat the Disorder
Since thyroid hormone plays an important role in the body functioning, its imbalances can stimulate severe health complications, which include infertility, obesity, heart-related conditions, joint pain and others. Pregnant women, affected by thyroid disorders, have a high risk of harmful impact on an unborn baby.
However, the good news here is that the condition can be easily treated with an innovative medication. Synthroid is a powerful drug that replaces the naturally produced hormone in the organism, decreasing the devastating conditions and symptoms related to its imbalances. Using Synthroid regularly and in accordance with the doctor’s prescription and safety recommendations a patient has an opportunity to eliminate the disorder and manage natural thyroid hormone production.